hep-ph updates on
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph) updates on the e-print archive
  • There is No Missing Satellites Problem. (arXiv:1711.06267v1 [astro-ph.CO])

    Authors: Stacy Y. Kim, Annika H. G. Peter, Jonathan R. Hargis

    A critical challenge to the cold dark matter (CDM) paradigm is that there are fewer satellites observed around the Milky Way than found in simulations of dark matter substructure. We show that there is a match between the observed satellite counts corrected by the detection efficiency of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (for luminosities $L \gtrsim$ 340 L$_\odot$) and the number of luminous satellites predicted by CDM, assuming an empirical relation between stellar mass and halo mass. The "issing satellites problem", cast in terms of number counts, is thus solved, and imply that luminous satellites inhabit subhalos as small as 10$^7-$10$^8$ M$_\odot$. The total number of Milky Way satellites depends sensitively on the spatial distribution of satellites. We also show that warm dark matter (WDM) models with a thermal relic mass smaller than 4 keV are robustly ruled out, and that limits of $m_\text{WDM} \gtrsim 8$ keV from the Milky Way are probable in the near future. Similarly stringent constraints can be placed on any dark matter model that leads to a suppression of the matter power spectrum on $\sim$10$^7$ M$_\odot$ scales. Measurements of completely dark halos below $10^8$ M$_\odot$, achievable with substructure lensing, are the next frontier for tests of CDM.

  • Cosmological Axion and Quark Nugget Dark Matter Model. (arXiv:1711.06271v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: Shuailiang Ge, Xunyu Liang, Ariel Zhitnitsky

    We study a dark matter (DM) model offering a very natural explanation of two (naively unrelated) problems in cosmology: the observed relation $\Omega_{\rm DM}\sim\Omega_{\rm visible}$ and the observed asymmetry between matter and antimatter in the Universe, known as the "baryogenesis" problem. In this framework, both types of matter (dark and visible) have the same QCD origin, form at the same QCD epoch, and both proportional to one and the same dimensional parameter of the system, $\Lambda_{\rm QCD}$, which explains how these two, naively distinct, problems could be intimately related, and could be solved simultaneously within the same framework. More specifically, the DM in this model is composed by two different ingredients: the (well- studied) DM axions and (less-studied) the quark nuggets made of matter or antimatter. The focus of the present work is the quantitative analysis of the relation between these two distinct components contributing to the dark sector of the theory determined by $\Omega_{\rm DM}\equiv [\Omega_{\rm DM}(\rm nuggets)+ \Omega_{\rm DM}(\rm axion)]$. We argue that the nugget's DM component always traces the visible matter density, i.e. $\Omega_{\rm DM}(\rm nuggets)\sim\Omega_{\rm visible}$ and this feature is not sensitive to the parameters of the system such as the axion mass $m_a$ or the misalignment angle $\theta_0$. It should be contrasted with conventional axion production mechanism due to the misalignment when $\Omega_{\rm DM}(\rm axion)$ is highly sensitive to the axion mass $m_a$ and the initial misalignment angle $\theta_0$. We also discuss the constraints on this model related to the inflationary scale $H_I$, non-observation of the isocurvature perturbations, $r_T < 0.12$, and also, varies axions search experiments.

  • Heavy quark radiation in NLO+PS POWHEG generators. (arXiv:1711.06281v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: L. Buonocore, P. Nason, F. Tramontano

    In this paper we deal with radiation from heavy quarks in the context of next-to-leading order calculations matched to parton shower generators. A new algorithm for radiation from massive quarks is presented that has considerable advantages over the one previously employed. We implement the algorithm in the framework of the ${\tt POWHEG-BOX}$, and compare it with the previous one in the case of the ${\tt hvq}$ generator for bottom production in hadronic collisions, and in the case of the ${\tt bb4l}$ generator for top production and decay.

  • Loopholes in $Z^\prime$ searches at the LHC: exploring supersymmetric and leptophobic scenarios. (arXiv:1711.06302v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: Jack Y. Araz, Gennaro Corcella, Mariana Frank, Benjamin Fuks

    Searching for heavy vector bosons $Z^\prime$, predicted in models inspired by Grand Unification Theories, is among the challenging objectives of the LHC. The ATLAS and CMS collaborations have looked for $Z^\prime$ bosons assuming that they can decay only into Standard Model channels, and have set exclusion limits by investigating dilepton, dijet and to a smaller extent top-antitop final states. In this work we explore possible loopholes in these $Z^\prime$ searches by studying supersymmetric as well as leptophobic scenarios. We demonstrate the existence of realizations in which the $Z^\prime$ boson automatically evades the typical bounds derived from the analyses of the Drell-Yan invariant-mass spectrum. Dileptonic final states can in contrast only originate from supersymmetric $Z^\prime$ decays and are thus accompanied by additional effects. This feature is analyzed in the context of judiciously chosen benchmark configurations, for which visible signals could be expected in future LHC data with a $4\sigma-7\sigma$ significance. Our results should hence motivate an extension of the current $Z^\prime$ search program to account for supersymmetric and leptophobic models.

  • $N\pi$ scattering in the Roper channel. (arXiv:1711.06334v1 [hep-lat])

    Authors: M. Padmanath, C. B. Lang, Luka Leskovec, Sasa Prelovsek

    We present results from our recent lattice QCD study of $N\pi$ scattering in the positive-parity nucleon channel, where the puzzling Roper resonance $N^*(1440)$ resides in experiment. Using a variety of hadron operators, that include $qqq$-like, $N\pi$ in $p$-wave and $N\sigma$ in $s$-wave, we systematically extract the excited lattice spectrum in the nucleon channel up to 1.65 GeV. Our lattice results indicate that N$\pi$ scattering in the elastic approximation alone does not describe a low-lying Roper. Coupled channel effects between $N\pi$ and $N\pi\pi$ seem to be crucial to render a low-lying Roper in experiment, reinforcing the notion that this state could be a dynamically generated resonance. After giving a brief motivation for studying the Roper channel and the relevant technical details to this study, we will discuss the results and the conclusions based on our lattice investigation and in comparison with other lattice calculations.

  • Stationary black holes with stringy hair. (arXiv:1711.06357v1 [gr-qc])

    Authors: Jens Boos, Valeri P. Frolov

    We discuss properties of black holes which are pierced by special configurations of cosmic strings. For static black holes we consider radial strings in the limit when the number of strings grows to infinity while the tension of each single string tends to zero. In a properly taken limit the stress-energy tensor of the string distribution is finite. We call such matter stringy matter. We present a solution of the Einstein equations for an electrically charged static black hole with the stringy matter, with and without cosmological constant. This solution is a warped product of two metrics. One of them is a deformed two-sphere whose Gaussian curvature is determined by the energy-density of the stringy matter. We discuss the embedding of a corresponding distorted sphere into a three-dimensional Euclidean space and formulate consistency conditions. We also found a relation between the square of the Weyl tensor invariant of the four dimensional spacetime of the stringy black holes and the energy density of the stringy matter. In the second part of the paper, we discuss test stationary strings in the Kerr geometry and in its Kerr-NUT-A(d)S generalizations. Explicit solutions for strings that are regular at the event horizon are obtained. Using these solutions the stress-energy tensor of the stringy matter in these geometries is calculated. Extraction of the angular momentum from rotating black holes by such strings is also discussed.

  • Partial restoration of chiral symmetry in cold nuclear matter: the $\phi$-meson case. (arXiv:1711.06358v1 [nucl-th])

    Authors: J.J. Cobos-Martínez, K Tsushima, G Krein, A W Thomas

    The work presented at this workshop is divided into two parts. In the first part, the mass and decay width of the $\phi$-meson in cold nuclear matter are computed in an effective Lagrangian approach. The medium dependence of these properties are obtained by evaluating kaon-antikaon loop contributions to the $\phi$-meson self-energy, employing medium-modified kaon masses calculated using the quark-meson coupling model. The loop integral is regularized with a dipole form factor, and the sensitivity of the results to the choice of cutoff mass in the form factor is investigated. At normal nuclear matter density, we find a downward shift of the $\phi$ mass by a few percent, while the decay width is enhanced by an order of magnitude.

    Our results support the literature which suggest that one should observe a small downward mass shift and a large broadening of the decay width. In the second part, we present $\phi$-meson--nucleus bound state energies and absorption widths for four selected nuclei, calculated by solving the Klein-Gordon equation with complex optical potentials. The attractive potential for the $\phi$-meson in the nuclear medium originates from the in-medium enhanced KK loop in the $\phi$-meson selfenergy. The results suggest that the $\phi$-meson should form bound states with all the nuclei considered. However, the identification of the signal for these predicted bound states will need careful investigation because of their sizable absorption widths.

  • D-instantons in Real Time Dynamics. (arXiv:1711.06365v1 [hep-th])

    Authors: Si-wen Li, Shu Lin

    Instanton is known to exist in Euclidean spacetime only. Their role in real time dynamics is usually understood as tunneling effect by Wick rotation. We illustrate other effects of instanton in holography by investigating 5d effective gravity theory of the black D3-brane-D-instanton system. The supergravity description of the D3-brane-D-instanton system is dual to the super Yang-Mills theory with topological excitations of the vacuum. We obtain Euclidean correlators in the presence of instantons by analyzing of the fluctuations of the bulk fields in the 5d effective theory. Furthermore, analytic continuation of Euclidean correlators leads to retarded correlators, which characterize real time dynamics. We find interestingly real time fluctuations of topological charge can destroy instantons and the lifetime of instanton is set by temperature. This implies instanton contribution to "real time dynamics" is suppressed at high temperature, which is analogous to classic field theory results that instanton contribution to "thermodynamics" is suppressed at high temperature.

  • Approaching the asymptotics at the LHC. (arXiv:1711.06380v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: Norbert Bence, László Jenkovszky, István Szanyi

    Recent results on the slope of the $pp$ diffraction cone measured by TOTEM at $7$ and $8$ GeV show an unexpected rapid rise in $s$, close to $B(s)\sim \ln^2$, rather than $\ln s$, typical of the Regge-pole predictions. We show that the new phenomenon can be accommodated by the inclusion of unitarity corrections to a simple Regge (pomeron) pole exchange. Interestingly, the odderon may also promote the acceleration of $B(s)$. The onset of the new regime may be indicative of the approach to the asymptotic dynamics of strong interactions. We analyse the new data together with other available forward measurable in a unitarized Regge dipole. Unitarization proves crucial in fitting the data, especially those on the slope $B(s)$ showing a change from the $\ln (s)$ to $\ln^2 (s)$ behavior. Having fitted the free parameters of the unitarized model to the data, we predict the behavior of the cross sections and the slope at still higher energies, including those asymptotic.

  • Positivity bound on the imaginary part of the right-chiral tensor coupling \boldmath{$g_R$} in polarized top quark decay. (arXiv:1711.06432v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: S. Groote, J.G. Körner

    We derive a positivity bound on the right-chiral tensor coupling Im $g_R$ in polarized top quark decay by analyzing the angular decay distribution of the three-body polarized top quark decay $t(\uparrow)\to b+\ell^+ +\nu_\ell$ in NLO QCD. We obtain the bound $-0.0420 \le$ Im $g_R \le 0.0420$.

  • A combined dark matter study of AMS-02 antiprotons and Fermi-LAT gamma rays. (arXiv:1711.06460v1 [astro-ph.HE])

    Authors: Alessandro Cuoco, Jan Heisig, Michael Korsmeier, Michael Krämer

    Observations of cosmic rays are a sensitive probe of dark matter annihilation in our Galaxy. In this article we present an analysis of the AMS-02 antiproton data, reducing cosmic-ray propagation uncertainties by fitting at the same time dark matter and propagation parameters. The result exhibits a possible hint for dark matter pointing to an annihilation cross section close to the thermal value. We investigate the compatibility of this signal with a dark matter interpretation of the Galactic center excess seen in the Fermi-LAT gamma-ray data and discuss implications for dark matter models.

  • The Higgs properties in the MSSM after the LHC Run-2. (arXiv:1711.06461v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: Jun Zhao

    We scrutinize the parameter space of the SM-like Higgs boson in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) under current experimental constraints. The constraints are from (i) the precison electroweak data and various flavor observables; (ii) the direct 22 separate ATLAS searches in Run-1; (iii) the latest LHC Run-2 Higgs data and tri-lepton search of electroweakinos. We perform a scan over the parameter space and find that the Run-2 data can further exclude a part of parameter space. For the property of the SM-like Higgs boson, its gauge couplings further approach to the SM values with a deviation below 0.1\%, while its Yukawa couplings $hb\bar{b}$ and $h\tau\bar\tau$ can still sizably differ from the SM predictions by several tens percent.

  • Scattering of charmed baryons on nucleons. (arXiv:1711.06470v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: J. Haidenbauer, G. Krein

    Chiral effective field theory is utilized for extrapolating results on the $\Lambda_c N$ interaction, obtained in lattice QCD at unphysical (large) quark masses, to the physical point. The pion-mass dependence of the components that constitute the $\Lambda_c N$ potential up to next-to-leading order (pion-exchange diagrams and four-baryon contact terms) is fixed by information from lattice QCD simulations. No recourse to SU(3) or SU(4) flavor symmetry is made. It is found that the results of the HAL QCD Collaboration for quark masses corresponding to $m_\pi = 410$--$570$ MeV imply a moderately attractive $\Lambda_c N$ interaction at $m_\pi = 138$ MeV with scattering lengths of $a\approx -1$ fm for the $^1S_0$ as well as the $^3S_1$ partial waves. For such an interaction the existence of a charmed counterpart of the hypertriton is unlikely but four- and/or five-baryons systems with a $\Lambda_c$ baryon could be indeed bound.

  • Semi-aligned two Higgs doublet model. (arXiv:1711.06499v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: Naoyuki Haba, Hiroyuki Umeeda, Toshifumi Yamada

    In the left-right symmetric model based on $SU(2)_L\times SU(2)_R\times U(1)_{B-L}$ gauge symmetry, there appear heavy neutral scalar particles mediating quark flavor changing neutral currents (FCNCs) at tree level. We consider a situation where such FCNCs give the only sign of the left-right model while $W_R$ gauge boson is decoupled, and name it "semi-aligned two Higgs doublet model" because the model resembles a two Higgs doublet model with mildly-aligned Yukawa couplings to quarks. We predict a correlation among processes induced by quark FCNCs in the model, and argue that future precise calculation of meson-antimeson mixings and CP violation therein may hint at the semi-aligned two Higgs doublet model and the left-right model behind it.

  • Reaction rates and transport in neutron stars. (arXiv:1711.06520v1 [astro-ph.HE])

    Authors: Andreas Schmitt, Peter Shternin

    Understanding signals from neutron stars requires knowledge about the transport inside the star. We review the transport properties and the underlying reaction rates of dense hadronic and quark matter in the crust and the core of neutron stars and point out open problems and future directions.

  • Impact of Beauty and Charm H1-ZEUS Combined Measurements on PDFs and Determination of the Strong Coupling. (arXiv:1711.06573v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: A. Vafaee, A. Khorramian

    In this QCD analysis, we investigate the impact of recent measurements of heavy-flavor charm and beauty cross sections data sets on the simultaneous determination of Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) and the strong coupling, $\alpha_s(M^2_Z)$. We perform three different fits based on Variable-Flavour Number Scheme (VFNS) at the Leading Order (LO) and Next-to-Leading Order (NLO) and choose the full HERA run I and II combined data as a new measurement of inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) cross sections for our base data set. We show that including charm and beauty cross sections data reduces the uncertainty of gluon distribution and improves the fit quality up to 4.1\% from leading order to next-to-leading order and up to 1.7\% for only NLO without and with beauty and charm data contributions.

  • Cosmological abundance of the QCD axion coupled to hidden photons. (arXiv:1711.06590v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: Naoya Kitajima, Toyokazu Sekiguchi, Fuminobu Takahashi

    We study cosmological evolution of the QCD axion coupled to hidden photons. For a moderately strong coupling, the motion of the axion field leads to explosive production of hidden photons by tachyonic instability. We use lattice simulations to evaluate the cosmological abundance of the QCD axion. In doing so we incorporate the backreaction of the produced hidden photons on the axion dynamics, which becomes significant in the non-linear regime. We find that the axion abundance is suppressed by at most ${\cal O}(10^{3})$ for the decay constant $f_a = 10^{16}$ GeV, compared to the case without the coupling. For a sufficiently large coupling, the motion of the QCD axion becomes strongly damped, and as a result the axion abundance is enhanced. Our results show that the cosmological upper bound on the axion decay constant can be relaxed by a few hundred for a certain range of the coupling to hidden photons.

  • The Electroweak Vacuum Decay and the Gravitational Contribution. (arXiv:1711.06594v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: Alberto Salvio

    Whether the Standard Model electroweak vacuum is stable, metastable or unstable depends crucially on the top mass (and, to a lesser extent, on other measurable quantities). These topics are reviewed and updated by taking into account the most recent determination of the top and Higgs masses. Moreover, the correction to the vacuum decay due to Einstein gravity is described. This process is also discussed in a scenario, called softened gravity, which has been proposed as a solution of the Higgs mass hierarchy problem.

  • Matter density, symmetry breaking, and neutrino oscillation. (arXiv:1711.06607v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: H. Mohseni Sadjadi, A. P. Khosravi Karchi

    A proposal for the neutrino mass, based on neutrino-scalar field interaction, is introduced. The scalar field, in turn, is nonminimally coupled to the Ricci scalar, and hence relates the neutrino mass to the matter density. In a dense region, the scalar field obeys the $Z_2$ symmetry, and the neutrino is massless. In a diluted region, the $Z_2$ symmetry breaks and neutrino acquires mass from the non-vanishing expectation value of the scalar field. We consider this scenario in the framework of a spherical dense object whose outside is a diluted region. In this background, we study the neutrino flavors oscillation, along with the consequences of the theory on oscillation length and MSW effect. This preliminary model may shed some lights on the existing anomalies within the neutrino data, concerning the different oscillating behavior of the neutrinos in regions with different densities.

  • Fully differential NNLO computations with MATRIX. (arXiv:1711.06631v1 [hep-ph])

    Authors: Massimiliano Grazzini, Stefan Kallweit, Marius Wiesemann

    We present the computational framework MATRIX which allows us to evaluate fully differential cross sections for a wide class of processes at hadron colliders in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) QCD. The processes we consider are $2\to 1$ and $2\to 2$ hadronic reactions involving Higgs and vector bosons in the final state. All possible leptonic decay channels of the vector bosons are included for the first time in the calculations, by consistently accounting for all resonant and non-resonant diagrams, off-shell effects and spin correlations. We briefly introduce the theoretical framework MATRIX is based on, discuss its relevant features and provide a detailed description of how to use MATRIX to obtain NNLO accurate results for the various processes. We report reference predictions for inclusive and fiducial cross sections of all the physics processes considered here and discuss their corresponding uncertainties. MATRIX features an automatic extrapolation procedure that allows us, for the first time, to control the systematic uncertainties inherent to the applied NNLO subtraction procedure down to the few permille level (or better).

  • Quark Mass Correction to Chiral Separation Effect and Pseudoscalar Condensate. (arXiv:1610.05886v2 [hep-th] UPDATED)

    Authors: Er-dong Guo, Shu Lin

    We derived an analytic structure of the quark mass correction to chiral separation effect (CSE) in small mass regime. We confirmed this structure by a D3/D7 holographic model study in a finite density, finite magnetic field background. The quark mass correction to CSE can be related to correlators of pseudo-scalar condensate, quark number density and quark condensate in static limit. We found scaling relations of these correlators with spatial momentum in the small momentum regime. They characterize medium responses to electric field, inhomogeneous quark mass and chiral shift. Beyond the small momentum regime, we found existence of normalizable mode, which possibly leads to formation of spiral phase. The normalizable mode exists beyond a critical magnetic field, whose magnitude decreases with quark chemical potential.

  • Theory overview on amplitude analyses with charm decays. (arXiv:1611.05286v2 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: B. Loiseau

    This contribution about amplitude analyses in multibody hadronic charm decays deals with some attempts to introduce theoretical constraints. Different effective hadronic formalism approaches are mentioned. A recent work, based on a basic weak interaction process and a Chiral unitary model to account for the final state interaction, is described in details for the $f_0(980)$ production in $D_s^+ \to \pi^+ \pi^+ \pi^-$ and $D_s^+ \to \pi^+ K^+ K^- $ decays. Within the framework of the diagrammatic approach and flavor symmetry, a global analysis of two-body $D$ decays into a vector meson and a pseudoscalar meson is presented. A quasi-two-body QCD factorization model for $D$ decays into three mesons and its recent application to $D^0 \to K_S^0 \pi^+ \pi^-$ is outlined. For processes with final-state pions and kaons and as an alternative to the sum of Breit-Wigner amplitudes, often used in experimental Dalitz-plot analyses, amplitude parametrizations, in term of unitary $\pi \pi$, $\pi K$ and $K \bar K$ form factors, are proposed. These parametrizations are derived from quasi-two-body factorization models.

  • Flavoured $B-L$ Local Symmetry and Anomalous Rare $B$ Decays. (arXiv:1705.03858v2 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: Rodrigo Alonso, Peter Cox, Chengcheng Han, Tsutomu T. Yanagida

    We consider a flavoured $B-L$ gauge symmetry under which only the third generation fermions are charged. Such a symmetry can survive at low energies (~TeV) while still allowing for two superheavy right-handed neutrinos, consistent with neutrino masses via see-saw and leptogenesis. We describe a mechanism for generating Yukawa couplings in this model and also discuss the low-energy phenomenology. Interestingly, the new gauge boson could explain the recent hints of lepton universality violation at LHCb, with a gauge coupling that remains perturbative up to the Planck scale. Finally, we discuss more general $U(1)$ symmetries and show that there exist only two classes of vectorial $U(1)$ that are both consistent with leptogenesis and remain phenomenologically viable at low-energies.

  • Multiparticle production in the large lambda n limit: Realising Higgsplosion in a scalar QFT. (arXiv:1705.04365v3 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: Valentin V. Khoze

    In a scalar theory which we use as a simplified model for the Higgs sector, we adopt the semiclassical formalism of Son for computations of $n$-particle production cross-sections in the high-multiplicity $n\to \infty$ weak-coupling $\lambda \to 0$ regime with the value of $\lambda n$ held fixed and large. The approach relies on the use of singular classical solutions to a certain boundary value problem. In the past this formalism has been successfully used and verified in computations of perturbative multi-particle processes at tree-level, and also at the next-to-leading order level in the small $\lambda n$ expansion near the multi-particle mass threshold. We apply this singular solutions formalism in the regime of ultra-high multiplicities where $\lambda n \gg 1$, and compute the leading positive $\sim n\,\sqrt{\lambda n}$ contribution to the exponent of the multi-particle rate in this large $\lambda n$ limit. The computation is carried out near the multi-particle mass threshold where the multiplicity $n$ approaches its maximal value allowed by kinematics. This calculation relies on the idea of Gorsky and Voloshin to use a thin wall approximation for the singular solutions that resemble critical bubbles. This approximation is justified in precisely the high-multiplicity $\sqrt{\lambda n} \to \infty$ regime of interest. Based on our results we show that the scalar theory with a spontaneous symmetry breaking used here as a simplified model for the Higgs sector, is very likely to realise the high-energy Higgsplosion phenomenon.

  • Spontaneous breakdown of charge in the MSSM and in the NMSSM: Possibilities and Implications. (arXiv:1705.08208v3 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: Jyotiranjan Beuria, AseshKrishna Datta

    We study the possibilities and the implications of a spontaneous breakdown of charge in the MSSM and in the $Z_3$-symmetric NMSSM. The breakdown is triggered by the charged states of the Higgs doublets acquiring vacuum expectation values. In the MSSM, it is known that the presence of a charge conserving minimum for the tree-level Higgs potential precludes a deeper (global) charge-breaking minimum. We find that the inclusion of radiative correction to the potential does not alter the situation while a deeper charge-conserving minimum could arise, albeit with no major practical consequences. In the NMSSM scenario, a charge-breaking global minimum, with or without an accompanying charge-conserving deeper minimum, could appear even with the tree-level Higgs potential thanks to the presence of a charge-neutral scalar state which transforms as a singlet under the Standard Model gauge group. Use of the NMSSM Higgs potential that includes both quantum and thermal corrections and the requirement of a viable (stable or long-lived) vacuum that breaks the electroweak symmetry, along with its compatibility with the latest Higgs data, lead to nontrivial constraints on the NMSSM parameter space.

  • Coannihilation without chemical equilibrium. (arXiv:1705.09292v2 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: Mathias Garny, Jan Heisig, Benedikt Lülf, Stefan Vogl

    Chemical equilibrium is a commonly made assumption in the freeze-out calculation of coannihilating dark matter. We explore the possible failure of this assumption and find a new conversion-driven freeze-out mechanism. Considering a representative simplified model inspired by supersymmetry with a neutralino- and sbottom-like particle we find regions in parameter space with very small couplings accommodating the measured relic density. In this region freeze-out takes place out of chemical equilibrium and dark matter self-annihilation is thoroughly inefficient. The relic density is governed primarily by the size of the conversion terms in the Boltzmann equations. Due to the small dark matter coupling the parameter region is immune to direct detection but predicts an interesting signature of disappearing tracks or displaced vertices at the LHC. Unlike freeze-in or superWIMP scenarios, conversion-driven freeze-out is not sensitive to the initial conditions at the end of reheating.

  • Dual meson condensates in the Polyakov-loop extended linear sigma model. (arXiv:1705.09953v2 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: Zhao Zhang, Haipeng Lu

    Dual meson condensates as possible order parameters for deconfinement are investigated in a Polyakov-loop enhanced linear sigma model of QCD at both zero and finite isospin chemical potential $\mu_I$. We find that the rapid rise of the dual sigma condensate (corresponding to the dressed Polyakov-loop) with $T$ is driven by the chiral transition, no matter whether the Polyakov-loop dynamics is included or not. For $\mu_I>m_\pi/2$, the dual sigma condensate shows abnormal thermal behavior which even decreases with $T$ below the melting temperature $T_c^{I_3}$ of pion superfluidity; On the other hand, even the dual pion condensate always increases with $T$, its maximum slope locates exactly at $T_c^{I_3}$ rather than the deconfinement temperature $T_c^{P}$ determined by the Polyakov-loop. All these are qualitatively consistent with the previous results obtained in the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio type models. The dual vector meson condensate for $\mu_I>m_\pi/2$ is also calculated. This quantity is more sensitive to the chiral transition when taking into account the Dirac-sea contribution. Our study further suggests that it should be cautious to use dual observables to indicate the deconfinement transition, especially in QCD models.

  • Dark Matter, Neutrino mass, Cutoff for Cosmic-Ray Neutrino, and Higgs Boson Invisible Decay from a Neutrino Portal Interaction. (arXiv:1706.07028v3 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: Wen Yin

    We study an effective theory beyond the standard model (SM) where either of two additional gauge singlets, a Majorana fermion and a real scalar, constitutes all or some fraction of dark matter. In particular, we focus on the masses of the two singlets in the range of O(10) MeV-O(10) GeV, with a neutrino portal interaction which plays important roles not only in particle physics but also in cosmology and astronomy. We point out that the dark matter abundance can be thermally explained with (co)annihilation, where the dark matter with a mass greater than 2 GeV can be tested in future lepton colliders, CEPC, ILC, FCC-ee and CLIC, in the light of the Higgs boson invisible decay. When the gauge singlets are lighter than O(100)MeV, the interaction can affect the neutrino propagation in the universe due to its annihilation with the cosmic background neutrino into the gauge singlets. Although can not be the dominant dark matter in this case, the singlets are produced by the invisible decay of the Higgs boson at a rate fully within the reach of the future lepton colliders. In particular, a high energy cutoff of cosmic-ray neutrino, which may account for the non-detection of Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) neutrinos or non-observation of Glashow resonance, can be set. Interestingly, given the cutoff and the mass (range) of the WIMP, a neutrino mass can be "measured" kinematically.

  • Exploring light mediators with low-threshold direct detection experiments. (arXiv:1707.08571v2 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: Felix Kahlhoefer, Suchita Kulkarni, Sebastian Wild

    We explore the potential of future cryogenic direct detection experiments to determine the properties of the mediator that communicates the interactions between dark matter and nuclei. Due to their low thresholds and large exposures, experiments like CRESST-III, SuperCDMS SNOLAB and EDELWEISS-III will have excellent capability to reconstruct mediator masses in the MeV range for a large class of models. Combining the information from several experiments further improves the parameter reconstruction, even when taking into account additional nuisance parameters related to background uncertainties and the dark matter velocity distribution. These observations may offer the intriguing possibility of studying dark matter self-interactions with direct detection experiments.

  • Gravitino and Polonyi production in supergravity. (arXiv:1708.05393v3 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: Andrea Addazi, Sergei V. Ketov, Maxim Yu. Khlopov

    We study production of gravitino and Polonyi particles in the minimal Starobinsky-Polonyi $\mathcal{N}=1$ supergravity with inflaton belonging to a massive vector supermultiplet. Our model has only one free parameter given by the scale of spontaneous SUSY breaking triggered by Polonyi chiral superfield. The vector supermultiplet generically enters the action non-minimally, via an arbitrary real function. This functon is chosen to generate the inflaton scalar potential of the Starobinsky model. Our supergravity model can be reformulated as an abelian supersymmetric gauge theory with the vector gauge superfield coupled to two (Higgs and Polonyi) chiral superfields interacting with supergravity, where the $U(1)$ gauge symmetry is spontaneously broken. We find that Polonyi and gravitino particles are efficiently produced during inflation. After inflation, perturbative decay of inflaton also produces Polonyi particles that rapidly decay into gravitinos. As a result, a coherent picture of inflation and dark matter emerges, where the abundance of produced gravitinos after inflation fits the CMB constraints as a Super Heavy Dark Matter (SHDM) candidate. Our scenario avoids the notorous gravitino and Polonyi problems with the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) and DM overproduction.

  • Measuring properties of a Heavy Higgs boson in the $H\to ZZ \to 4\ell$ decay. (arXiv:1708.05583v2 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: Jung Chang, Kingman Cheung, Jae Sik Lee, Chih-Ting Lu, Jubin Park

    In many extensions of the standard model, there exist a few extra Higgs bosons. Suppose a heavy neutral Higgs boson H is discovered at the LHC, one could then investigate CP and CPT~ properties of its couplings to a pair of $Z$ bosons through $H \to ZZ \to 4\ell$. We use the helicity-amplitude method to write down the most general form for the angular distributions of the four final-state leptons, which can cover the case of CP-even, -odd, and -mixed state for the Higgs boson. We figure out there are 9 types of angular observables and all the $H$ couplings to $Z$ bosons can be fully determined by exploiting them. A Higgs-boson mass of 260 GeV below the $t\bar t$ threshold is illustrated with full details. With a total of $10^3$ events of $H \to ZZ \to 4\ell$, one can determine the couplings up to 12-20\% uncertainties.

  • Averaged Energy Conditions and Bouncing Universes. (arXiv:1708.08713v2 [hep-th] UPDATED)

    Authors: Massimo Giovannini

    The dynamics of bouncing universes is characterized by violating certain coordinate invariant restrictions on the total energy-momentum tensor, customarily referred to as energy conditions. Although there could be epochs where the null energy condition is locally violated, it may perhaps be enforced in an averaged sense. Explicit examples of this possibility are investigated in different frameworks.

  • Dynamical vs geometric anisotropy in relativistic heavy-ion collisions: which one prevails?. (arXiv:1709.08602v2 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: L.V. Bravina, I.P. Lokhtin, L.V. Malinina, S.V. Petrushanko, A.M. Snigirev, E.E. Zabrodin

    We study the influence of geometric and dynamical anisotropies on the development of flow harmonics and, simultaneously, on the second- and third-order oscillations of femtoscopy radii. The analysis is done within the Monte Carlo event generator HYDJET++, which was extended to dynamical triangular deformations. It is shown that the merely geometric anisotropy provides the results which anticorrelate with the experimental observations of either $v_2$ (or $v_3$) or second-order (or third-order) oscillations of the femtoscopy radii. Decays of resonances significantly increase the emitting areas but do not change the phases of the radii oscillations. In contrast to the spatial deformations, the dynamical anisotropy alone provides the correct qualitative description of the flow and the femtoscopy observables simultaneously. However, one needs both types of the anisotropy to match quantitatively the experimental data.

  • Global Anomalies, Discrete Symmetries, and Hydrodynamic Effective Actions. (arXiv:1710.03768v2 [hep-th] UPDATED)

    Authors: Paolo Glorioso, Hong Liu, Srivatsan Rajagopal

    We derive effective actions for parity-violating fluids in both $(3+1)$ and $(2+1)$ dimensions, including those with anomalies. As a corollary we confirm the most general constitutive relations for such systems derived previously using other methods. We discuss in detail connections between parity-odd transport and underlying discrete symmetries. In (3+1) dimensions we elucidate connections between anomalous transport coefficients and global anomalies, and clarify a previous puzzle concerning transports and local gravitational anomalies.

  • Likelihood Analysis of the pMSSM11 in Light of LHC 13-TeV Data. (arXiv:1710.11091v2 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: E. Bagnaschi, K. Sakurai, M. Borsato, O. Buchmueller, M. Citron, J. C. Costa, A. De Roeck, M.J. Dolan, J.R. Ellis, H. Flächer, S. Heinemeyer, M. Lucio, D. Martínez Santos, K.A. Olive, A. Richards, V.C. Spanos, I. Suárez Fernández, G. Weiglein

    We use MasterCode to perform a frequentist analysis of the constraints on a phenomenological MSSM model with 11 parameters, the pMSSM11, including constraints from ~ 36/fb of LHC data at 13 TeV and PICO, XENON1T and PandaX-II searches for dark matter scattering, as well as previous accelerator and astrophysical measurements, presenting fits both with and without the $(g-2)_{\mu}$ constraint. The pMSSM11 is specified by the following parameters: 3 gaugino masses $M_{1,2,3}$, a common mass for the first-and second-generation squarks $m_{\tilde{q}}$ and a distinct third-generation squark mass $m_{\tilde{q}_3}$, a common mass for the first-and second-generation sleptons $m_{\tilde l}$ and a distinct third-generation slepton mass $m_{\tilde \tau}$, a common trilinear mixing parameter $A$, the Higgs mixing parameter $\mu$, the pseudoscalar Higgs mass $M_A$ and $\tan\beta$. In the fit including $(g-2)_{\mu}$, a Bino-like $\tilde\chi^0_1$ is preferred, whereas a Higgsino-like $\tilde \chi^0_1$ is favoured when the $(g-2)_{\mu}$ constraint is dropped. We identify the mechanisms that operate in different regions of the pMSSM11 parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, $\tilde\chi^0_1$, into the range indicated by cosmological data. In the fit including $(g-2)_{\mu}$, coannihilations with $\tilde \chi^0_2$ and the Wino-like $\tilde\chi^{\pm}_1$ or with nearly-degenerate first- and second-generation sleptons are favoured, whereas coannihilations with the $\tilde \chi^0_2$ and the Higgsino-like $\tilde\chi^{\pm}_1$ or with first- and second-generation squarks may be important when the $(g-2)_{\mu}$ constraint is dropped. Prospects remain for discovering strongly-interacting sparticles at the LHC as well as for discovering electroweakly-interacting sparticles at a future linear $e^+ e^-$ collider such as the ILC or CLIC.

  • Search for light tetraquark states in $\Upsilon(1S)$ and $\Upsilon(2S)$ decays. (arXiv:1711.01690v2 [hep-ex] UPDATED)

    Authors: Belle Collaboration: S. Jia, C. P. Shen, C. Z. Yuan, I. Adachi, J. K. Ahn, H. Aihara, S. Al Said, D. M. Asner, H. Atmacan, T. Aushev, R. Ayad, V. Babu, I. Badhrees, S. Bahinipati, A. M. Bakich, V. Bansal, P. Behera, M. Berger, V. Bhardwaj, B. Bhuyan, J. Biswal, G. Bonvicini, A. Bozek, M. Bračko, T. E. Browder, D. Červenkov, M.-C. Chang, V. Chekelian, A. Chen, B. G. Cheon, K. Chilikin, K. Cho, S.-K. Choi, Y. Choi, D. Cinabro, T. Czank, N. Dash, S. Di Carlo, Z. Doležal, D. Dutta, S. Eidelman, D. Epifanov, J. E. Fast, T. Ferber, B. G. Fulsom, R. Garg, V. Gaur, N. Gabyshev, A. Garmash, M. Gelb, A. Giri, P. Goldenzweig, O. Grzymkowska, E. Guido, J. Haba, T. Hara, K. Hayasaka, H. Hayashii, M. T. Hedges, W.-S. Hou, T. Iijima, K. Inami, G. Inguglia, A. Ishikawa, R. Itoh, M. Iwasaki, et al. (128 additional authors not shown)

    We search for the $J^{PC}=0^{--}$ and $1^{+-}$ light tetraquark states with masses up to 2.46~GeV/$c^2$ in $\Upsilon(1S)$ and $\Upsilon(2S)$ decays with data samples of $(102\pm 2)$ million and $(158\pm 4)$ million events, respectively, collected with the Belle detector. No significant signals are observed in any of the studied production modes, and 90\% credibility level (C.L.) upper limits on their branching fractions in $\Upsilon(1S)$ and $\Upsilon(2S)$ decays are obtained. The inclusive branching fractions of the $\Upsilon(1S)$ and $\Upsilon(2S)$ decays into final states with $f_1(1285)$ are measured to be ${\cal B}(\Upsilon(1S)\to f_1(1285)+anything)=(46\pm28({\rm stat.})\pm13({\rm syst.}))\times 10^{-4}$ and ${\cal B}(\Upsilon(2S)\to f_1(1285)+anything)=(22\pm15({\rm stat.})\pm6.3({\rm syst.}))\times 10^{-4}$. The measured $\chi_{b2} \to J/\psi + anything$ branching fraction is measured to be $(1.50\pm0.34({\rm stat.})\pm0.22({\rm syst.}))\times 10^{-3}$, and 90\% C.L. upper limits for the $\chi_{b0,b1} \to J/\psi + anything$ branching fractions are found to be $2.3\times 10^{-3}$ and $1.1\times 10^{-3}$, respectively. For ${\cal B}(\chi_{b1} \to \omega + anything)$, the branching fraction is measured to be $(4.9\pm1.3({\rm stat.})\pm0.6({\rm syst.}))\times 10^{-2}$. %($<3.68\times 10^{-2}$ at 90\% C.L.). All results reported here are the first measurements for these modes.

  • Effective field theory approach to trans-TeV supersymmetry: covariant matching, Yukawa unification and Higgs couplings. (arXiv:1711.04774v2 [hep-ph] UPDATED)

    Authors: James D. Wells, Zhengkang Zhang

    Dismissing traditional naturalness concerns while embracing the Higgs boson mass measurement and unification motivates careful analysis of trans-TeV supersymmetric theories. We take an effective field theory (EFT) approach, matching the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) onto the Standard Model (SM) EFT by integrating out heavy superpartners, and evolving MSSM and SMEFT parameters according to renormalization group equations in each regime. Our matching calculation is facilitated by the recent covariant diagrams formulation of functional matching techniques, with the full one-loop SUSY threshold corrections encoded in just 30 diagrams. Requiring consistent matching onto the SMEFT with its parameters (those in the Higgs potential in particular) measured at low energies, and in addition requiring unification of bottom and tau Yukawa couplings at the scale of gauge coupling unification, we detail the solution space of superpartner masses from the TeV scale to well above. We also provide detailed views of parameter space where Higgs coupling measurements have probing capability at future colliders beyond the reach of direct superpartner searches at the LHC.

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